ADONI-BEZEK (Heb. אֲדוֹנִי בֶזֶק; "the lord (of the city) of Bezek"), Canaanite ruler in the early stages of the Hebrew conquest of Canaan (Judg. 1:1–7) and probably leader of an anti-Israelite coalition formed by "the Canaanites and the Perizzites." The allies gathered at bezek and forced the tribe of Judah, together with Simeon, to take defensive action. The coalition was defeated at Bezek and retreated eastward towards Jerusalem. The tribe of Judah pursued and captured Adoni-Bezek and mutilated him. He was brought to Jerusalem where he died. Adoni-Bezek is most likely a title since, as a personal name, the second element would refer to a place or a god. However, a city as a component in biblical proper names is without analogy and a deity Bezek is not otherwise attested. The name is most likely a corruption of adoni-zedek (cf. Josh. 10:1 ff.). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Y. Amit, Judges (1999), 32.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • ADONI-ZEDEK — (Heb. אֲדֹנִי צֶדֶק; (the god) Zedek (the god of justice) is lord or, my Lord is righteousness ), king of jerusalem at the time of the Israelite conquest of Canaan (Josh. 10:1–3). Adoni Zedek was the leader of a coalition together   with four of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BEZEK — (Heb. בֶּזֶק), place name mentioned in the Bible. Saul mustered his army there before undertaking his campaign to relieve jabesh gilead , which was being besieged by the Ammonites under Nahash (I Sam. 11:8). Bezek has been identified (following… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bezek — (a. Geogr.), Gebiet in Kanaan, dem Könige Adoni Bezek vom Stamme Juda entrissen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bezek —    Lightning.    1) The residence of Adoni bezek, in the lot of Judah (Judg. 1:5). It was in the mountains, not far from Jerusalem. Probably the modern Bezkah, 6 miles south east of Lydda.    2) The place where Saul numbered the forces of Israel… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Adonizedek — (variously transliterated as Adoni zedec or Adoni Zedek (in Hebrew, Adoni Tzedek) was, according to the Book of Joshua, king of Jerusalem at the time of the Israelite invasion of Canaan (Josh. x. 1, 3). His name means my lord is righteousness in… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Biblical names — This is a list of names from the Bible, mainly taken from the 19th century public domain resource: : Hitchcock s New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible by Roswell D. Hitchcock, New York: A. J. Johnson, 1874, c1869.Each name is given with its …   Wikipedia

  • Adonibezek — In the Book of Judges (1:4 7), Adonibezek, (simply lord of Bezek ), was a Canaanite king who, having subdued seventy of the chiefs that were around him, was attacked by the armies of Judah and Simeon. He was defeated and brought as a captive to… …   Wikipedia

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